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Environment Development :
Tree Plantation
Tree plantations, promoted as one of the main solutions to climate change, are themselves resulting in further deforestation processes in many Southern countries, where forests are being substituted by monoculture tree plantations.

 At the same time, this solution is creating further problems to local peoples and local environments, as the displacement of local populations (resulting in further deforestation), the depletion of soil and water resources, the elimination of habitats of local wildlife and flora, etc.

Benefits of planting native trees

 

 

* They help stop global warming by reducing greenhouse gases

* They reduce soil erosion and water pollution

* They provide habitat for native wildlife (including songbirds)

* They improve human health by producing oxygen and improving air quality

* They reduce home energy needs by providing shade in summer and a windbreak in winter

 

 

  Mangrove Plantation

 

 

Mangroves play a fundamental role in moderating monsoon tidal floods and coastal protection. The depletion of mangroves is a cause of serious environmental and economic concern to many developing countries. Problems of sustainability of mangrove ecosystems are not only technical but also socio-economic.

 

The eco-region that forms the Sundarbans is both unique, and uniquely fragile. Unique because it is one of the most extensive mangrove forests in the world, existing in a vast deltaic region where freshwater and seawater mix. The mangrove forests of the Sundarbans are one of the most significant strongholds of the Royal Bengal Tiger, an endangered species, and the national animal of India. Also unique, because the human population that exists on the fringes of the coastal forest, in land that has been slowly adapted to cultivation over the last two centuries, confront challenges from both land, air, and sea that few other local populations have to contend with. And further unique, because the flora of the Sundarbans, the mangrove, presents a natural buffer, a bulwark against coastal erosion and seawater ingress into one of the most densely populated regions of the world.

 

Ironically, the Sundarbans' fragility stems from its uniqueness. This report is an attempt to highlight that fragility in the context of a fairly recent global phenomenon – human induced climate change. The delicate balance that has for many centuries existed in the Sundarbans between land, air, and sea, is today under threat, and indeed, in certain areas, the effects have been disastrous.

 

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